A look at the history of Levittown.
The ancient Roman adage, Si monumentum requiris
- also the epitaph of Sir Christopher Wren in London's St.
Paul's - applies well to William J. Levitt. What, I wonder, will be his impact
in 2312? That seems odd but consider the impact of Capt. John Seaman some three
hundred-eighteen years after his death.
John Seaman, born in Essex,
was one of nearly 900 English immigrants to arrive in Massachusetts on the
Winthrop Fleet in 1630; part of the Great Puriatan Migration in which some
20,000 people settled in New England and on Long Island in the quarter century
after Plymouth Rock.
Amongst those who arrived
in the New World with him was John Strickland, an original settler of
Charlestown, Mass., who relocated in Hempstead; Robert Williams whose 1648 land
purchase included present-day Hicksville, Syosset, and Woodbury; and Capt. John
Underhill a soldier in the 1636 Pequot War which pitted the Wampanoags and
their English allies against the Peqots and Narragansetts.
Underhill eventually became
the first settler of Locust Valley. All four men seemed to have been acquainted
with one another by the time they joined the Rev. Robert Fordham, his
son-in-law John Carman, and some forty other proprietors of the Hempstead
Purchase of 1643 wherein vast tracks of land in the current Town of Hempstead
were obtained from the Massapequan Indians.
In 1648, Stickland was
given four hundred acres of land by Peter Stuyvesant. This included what's now
the southern portion of the Island Trees School District in Levittown, but in
1666 he either sold or gifted it to Seaman whose first wife, Elizabeth, was his
daughter. By that time, Seaman already owned hundreds of acres of land from the
1664 Jerusalem Purchase whose boundaries would include include southeastern Levittown
and most of Seaford and Wantagh.
Capt. Seaman is thus the Founding Father of the
latter two communities and although his farmhouse, Cherrywood, was located near
where its namesake shopping center is situated on Wantagh Avenue, his farm
extended into what's now Levittown and he is, by consequence, our first
European settler. In addition to the eight sons who'd carry the Seaman name on
into the early 20th Century in our area, he also had six daughters.
Although a farmer, he was also a professional surveyor
and in 1679, sometime after his conversion, he held Quaker meetings in his
home. It is this latter activity that was most significant because all
throughout the period of government by the Dutch West India Company (1609-64),
what's now Nassau and Queens became the second largest concentration of Quakers
in the New World; religious minorities enjoying tolerance uncommon by 17th
Century standards. By the time the Duke of York seized control of the colony,
the Quakers were well established. His endeavor to crack-down on religious and
political liberties led to considerable political turmoil which lasted until
his overthrow in 1688 by William, the Prince of Nassau-Orange.
as an important landowner, membership in a cadre of prominent colonists bound
by their Quaker faith and common economic interests, and his rapport and
friendship with local Indian sachems kept him politically active and
influential by the time of John Townsend of Oyster Bay and Thomas Powell of
Bethpage oversaw his will in 1695.
From this one man the
Seaman clan grew considerably in our area and it has been estimated that by
1873 half the people living in the Jerusalem/Island Trees area (now southern
Levittown and northern Wantagh) were his descendants. By this time, too, the
three decades of German immigration into our area via the LIRR at Hicksville
(1837), Wantagh/Jerusalem (1867), and Island Trees (1873) were beginning to
radically alter the ethno-cultural dynamic of the area; five thousand new
immigrants alone arriving in 1870. It was the great grandchildren and great-great
grandchildren of these newcomers who'd work the potato farms upon which
Levittown was built.
The legacy of the original
1664 Jerusalem Purchase accerted itself in the early 1930's in a lawsuit
between Capt. Seaman's descendants and New York State; the latter imposing
eminent domain in establishing the course of the Wantagh State Parkway. The
treaty with the Massapequan whereby Seaman and his descendants would
forevermore claim dominion was no match for Robert Moses.
Want to learn more
about the history of Levittown and the surrounding communities? Visit www.levittownhistoricalsociety.org
Become a blogger today!
Get started now